intarsia - a beginners guide in 10 tips
A beginners guide to intarsia - ten top tips to help you get started with this colourwork knitting technique.
In 2011, knitters at The Woolly Brew stitching group helped to knit a poem for the Stanza poetry festival in St Andrews. You can read about it here.
I was assigned A and N, Karen T and E.
I had never done any colourwork before and if I'm honest it always looked abit complicated! Stranded and intarsia are the most common terms, and there is illusion, mosaic and corrugated ribbing!
For the letter blocks needed for the Knit a Poem project we used the intarsia technique. There is a lot of good information on the internet on intarsia, I will not repeat it here but instead give some personal tips which I hope will be helpful.
Intarsia uses different balls of yarn to create blocks of colour. Unlike stranded colourwork you are only using one yarn at a time leaving the unused yarn hanging at the back. When you change colours you twist the yarn together to stop a hole forming.
You can use small balls of yarn wound onto bobbins.
Tip 1 - These balls or bobbins should be kept close to the knitting - don't unwind until you need the yarn or you'll get into a tangle!
You can buy bobbins or make your own from some card or pegs. You can download some Woolly Brew bobbins here.
Intarsia knitting is usually worked from a chart.
Tip 2 - It is a good idea to copy the chart and sometimes it is better to enlarge it too so you can see the pattern clearly. Each square on a chart equals one stitch of your knitting.
The chart shows the right side of the knitting. Many intarsia patterns are in stocking stitch. So you knit the right side rows (1, 3, 5, 7 and so on) reading from right to left. And purl the wrong side rows (2, 4, 6, 8....) reading left to right.
You should mark off the rows as they are worked.
Your chart may not have numbers, it may be helpful to write them on your copy.
Tip 3 - Make up your balls or bobbins before you start to knit. To work out how many changes of colour there are look at the chart and mark each colour change. So for the letter A I need 4 balls of my background colour and 3 balls of my letter colour.
Tip 4 - A way to calculate how much yarn you need for each colour block is to count the number of stitches in the chart area. Wind the yarn around your needle (not too tightly) once for each stitch and unwind. Add another 25% and a further 30cm (to allow for 15cm tail at each end). Be generous as its very annoying to run out of yarn! Wind this amount of yarn onto a bobbin or into a ball.
Tip 5 - If you are winding into balls make a centre-pull ball. This will reduce any ball rolling and tangles with other balls. There is a nice photo tutorial here for winding a centre pull ball on your thumb. In researching this article I discovered butterflies - ideal if you're using small amounts of yarn. There is a nice video here.
When you are ready to knit - cast on and start in your usual way. When you come to a colour change in the chart you need to join in a new ball. Knit with this new colour, leaving the 'old' colour dangling at the back. Only unravel the yarn as you need it so you don't get tangled! Continue in this way, joining new colours or picking up 'old' colours as you need them to complete the chart. I have to admit in the small project of knitting a letter A I got tangled frequently!
Tip 6 - after knitting the right side of your work, turn it CLOCKWISE, after purling the wrong side, turn it ANTI CLOCKWISE. This should untangle the yarn...
Tip 7 - When changing colours you are advised to TWIST the new and old colours together so you don't get holes. I twisted and ended up with twisted stitches! What you're actually doing is...
On a knit row - knit with your yarn as normal until you need to change the colour. Put the needle into the next stitch as if to knit but pull the 'old' yarn to the left and bring the new colour up and and over the old yarn to knit the stitch.....
On a purl row - purl as normal until you need to change colour. Put the needle into the next stitch as if to purl and then pull the 'old' yarn to the left bringing the new colour up and over to purl the stitch.
When you do it it makes sense! These 'twists' will give you a colour change on the vertical line.
When you have finished knitting you will have lots of ends to weave in.
Tip 8 - make sure you leave a long enough tail to weave in.
Tip 9 - Weave the colours into the back of the same coloured knitting. When weaving in the ends you can also tighten up the stitches and improve the look of the right side of your knitting.
Ends not woven in...
Ends woven in and stitches tidied...
Tip 10 - BLOCK! It helps even everything out. I pinned this out to 15cm x 15cm. As I was using a cotton acrylic yarn I placed a wet cloth on top and left it to dry. If I were using a sticky yarn like Rowan Felted Tweed or Jamieson's Spindrift I would soak in Eucalan and gently squeeze out water then pin out. Don't be afraid to straighten stitches in either case.
This is my first attempt at Intarsia - practice makes perfect?!?!
We hope these10 tips for intarsia beginners will give you some encouragement to try it yourself.
This is a old blog post from 2011. I’ve edited it slightly and updated and improved the links. It's still 10 great tips for intarsia beginners! The other addition I would make... use a sticky yarn, one that will cling to itself, rather than the smooth cotton acrylic I used here.